Sudan has excellent diving spots in the most unexplored area across the Red Sea. The great pioneers of diving like Hans Hass and Jacques Cousteau discovered the richness of its reefs more than 60 years ago.
Diving in Sudan can be divided into three main areas: the north, where there is a huge variety of wildlife and noted for its reefs laden full of tropical fish, manta rays, hammerhead sharks and whale sharks;
the central region that offers classic dive sites near Port Sudan such as the Umbria or Conshelf II; and south where few divers have been and where you can find the largest schools of barracuda and hammerhead sharks.
Merlo reef is close to the Angarosh reef and shows up above the water line. It extends to 450 m in depth. A beautiful dive site for soft and hard corals. The Merlo reef is also renowned for shark encounters. The wreck of the liveboard boat "Freedom" which sank in 1999 is here very close.
Shaab Qumeira the coral reef located about 15 km north of Ras Abu Shagrab. A large ship wreck on the eastern side of the coral reef lying is visible from quite a distance away. This rarely dived reef offers a glimpse into an underwater world untouched. Schools of fish can be spotted during their breeding season. It is uncontaminated area and hunting habits of the inhabitants of this unique riffs can be seen here.
Ras Abu Shagrab located in the open sea and is a plateau which is accessible only in calm waters. It is surrounded by abundant coral formations and is home to a variety of different fish species. Large schools of fish, barracuda, tuna and mackerel hovering just above the sea bed at a depth of 25 to 30 feet. White tip reef sharks are often seen resting on the sand.
Mesherifa is also known as Manta point. This dive site is excellent to see manta rays. September to November is breeding season. During this time, the manta rays are often seen in Mesherifa. Enjoy swimming next to the peaceful giants.
Shambaia is a large sheltered lagoon where boats can go for the night at anchor. The lagoon is full of life, the water is clean and transparent. The lagoon is ideal for night dives.
Pinnacle is like a big tower and extends from a depth of about 10 to 12 meters. Here we often have strong currents and this place is a meeting point for hammerhead sharks, gray reef sharks and big tuna. The Sudanese waters always offer good visibility, often crystal clear. The reefs are highly colored with pink, yellow and red soft corals, large colorful anemones and everything is very much alive wherever you look.
Angarosh reef is an exceptional dive site. It is easy to recognize, characterized by a small island plate coral limestone. Angarosh has 2 plateaus; a flatter plateau leads to 25 m, while the other plateau leads to 45 m in depth. This place is known for sharks, barracuda schools and manta rays. This dive site is located in the open sea and is not always available when it is surrounded on various days of strong winds.
Abington reef it just reaches the water surface and is surrounded by strong currents. On the platform there is an old lighthouse that was set by the British in 1900 to signal the ships on the navigation route, the presence of this dangerous reef. The reef is also renowned for hammerhead sharks. This site is for experienced divers.
Pender reef is a small reef with a similar shape as the Nakhalat in el Quseer. Hammerhead sharks are relatively common here, as well as schools of tuna.
Ambar reef is a large horseshoe shaped reef surrounding a lagoon with vertical outer walls. The lagoon provides a safe haven for liveaboard boats for the night.
Guests are taken to the wreck of the modern cargo vessel "Blue Bell" also named "Toyota-Wreck" which lies keel-side up with the prow at 15m dropping down to 70m. Divers are advised to keep an eye out for tiger sharks.
1963 Jacques Cousteau mounted an expedition to Shaab Rumi to study Red Sea coral life. Divers are allowed to dive the remains of the team's underwater base, the Precontinent II shelf. Marine life is scarce but the metal remains of the equipment shed and flying saucer-like structure, which are now delicately encrusted, are well worth a visit.
The coral reef surrounding the site of the famous British-built lighthouse at Sanganeb has everything a diver could wish for. Rising from depths of 800m, the outer drop-offs boast caves and gullies, and one of the richest displays of soft coral in the Red Sea. In the depths, hammerheads sweep back and forth awaiting a photo opportunity.
The cargo ship sunk on June 9, 1940, the day before Italy went to war. She was headed to East Africa secretly carrying over 300.000 bombs and other war supplies for Italian troops. The reason for her unfortunate fate is a mystery, some believe she was scuttled by her captain for fear that she would fall into the hands of the British. Others maintain that she was under threat from a German submarine. Today she lies on her port side in 35 - 40m. The cargo ship is intact, has great visibility, is easy to dive, it is at low depth, has great history and it a dangerous spot because of its 5,000 tons of bombs. No wonder why this wreck is categorized as one of the best in the world
Type: Cargo ship (Egyptian Ports and Lighthouses Administration)
Date Sunk: June 1940
Cause Sunk: Ran aground
Depth: 35-40 m
Built: Hamburg, 1912
Length: 158,2 x 17.43 m
Jumna is a reef, corals here are overshadowed by hundreds of hammerhead swarms. The swarms are sometimes close together and very unusual it is to be curious for hammerhead sharks. Some swimming straight at you breaking off only a couple of meters from a collision.
Seilada island here the powder-white sand creates a perfect ground for several species of turtles. At the right time of year you can watch the turtles here, as they slowly crawl out of the sea to lay their eggs. At this site turtles are almost always guaranteed.
South from Port Sudan is probably some of the best diving in the World. The Suakin Archipelago is made up of a group of islands offering some of the most unforgettable dives you will ever make in the Red Sea.